Anxiety: Types, Cause, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Anxiety Types Cause Symptoms and Treatment

What is Anxiety Like?

What is Anxiety Disorder? The answer is; To feel anxious is a common and normal emotion. As like, one can feel nervous whilst making a decision about a new and tough thing, before taking the exams or a work-related problem.

Anxiety definition: Thay is common but different and tough. It is a normal thing to be anxious. As it makes you focused on a thing. It can be carried easily in normal routine if it has not crossed the limit yet. Although, it is a normal thing to have it until it just handlable or healthy for you. Because treatment can also aid in this regard.

The thing about that, what are anxiety attacks? When anxiety symptoms excess to anxiety attacks and panic attacks, it may be referred to as an anxiety disorder. It includes generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, and panic disorder. Anxiety attacks and the panic attack can be treated with medication and psychotherapy.

Causes of Anxiety

Anxiety could be caused by mental, physical, effects of drugs, or maybe a combination of all these. The main task of the doctor is to see if anxiety is a symptom of another associated medical condition.

Some causes of anxiety that include the following mental conditions. Here are the common external factors that can cause anxiety:

  • Work Stress
  • School’s Stress
  • Relationship Stress
  • Economical stress
  • The stress of an emotional trauma
  • Medical illness stress
  • Medication Side effects
  • Drug Abuse
  • Anxiety due to GMC; General Medical Conditions
  • Some other sicknesses

The tough thing that doctor has to do is to recognize and diagnose the disorder by a thorough analysis of the Presenting complaints.

Anxiety Disorder Symptoms:

All anxiety disorders have some general symptoms:

  • Panic, fear, and uneasiness
  • Problems related to sleep
  • Unable to stay calm and quite
  • Cold and sweaty hands or feet
  • Breath Shortness
  • Palpitations of Heart
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Muscles Tensing
  • Dizziness

Types of Anxiety disorder:

Anxiety disorder is an umbrella term that has a few conditions:

Panic Disorders

You feel an unwanted terror that strikes you. During a panic attack, sweating, chest pain, and palpitations can occur. The feeling of choking at any moment can easily be considered as a panic attack.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder or GAD is characterized by excessive, exaggerated and melodramatic anxiety and worry related to everyday life events. People who are suffering from generalized anxiety disorder always have expected disaster and even cannot stop worrying about health, wealth, relations, work, or school. In GAD, the worry is often unreal and have not ground realities as such. The daily life of the sufferers become pitiless due to being always in a state of worry. In fact, the unreal and this dramatic anxiety dominate and cause interference in the daily routine life of the sufferers.

Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

It has the mental and physical effects too.  Its physical symptoms include:

  • Excessive, continuous worry and tension
  • An unrealistic approach
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Muscle tension
  • A headache
  • Sweating
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Nausea
  • Frequent Bathroom visit
  • Fatigue
  • The problem with sleeping and waking
  • Shivering
  • Easily startled

Social Anxiety Disorder

It is Also commonly known as social phobia, in this, the person feels an overwhelming fear of being in a social environment. It could be related to a place, person or thing. Th person has the fear of being judged by others. it also has the specific phobia. It is related to fear of a specific thing like a particular object, situation or a person. These fears are so strong in nature that can cause the utmost anxiety to the person.

Anxiety Disorders Causes

There are not the exact causes that are associated with the occurrence of this disorder. The factors include the mental, physical, environmental and as well as biological. The most prominent factor among these is a biological one. In a biological factor, the genes transmit this disorder to the upcoming child.

Diagnosis

The appropriate diagnosis includes the evaluation of the presenting complaints, medical testification for physical illness evaluation. If any sort of illness found than it will be excluded from the domain of the anxiety disorder. After the medical evaluation, no medical causes have been found. Then your doctor will refer you to the psychiatrist or a psychologist. They then implement their tools of research like an interview, testing and diagnosing. Then the use of intervention techniques to identify and get over the disorder.

Anxiety Disorders Treatment

The main thing in the treatment of anxiety disorders is the therapy and medication. There s a combination of medication and psychotherapy to overcome this psychological disorder. Here are the treatments for it:

Psychotherapy: This is a type of intervention techniques that aims to identify and resolve the emotional variations and its core cause. After the core cause evaluation, the psychiatrist or psychologist starts the therapy to make you able to solve your problem of anxiety by your own self.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT: This is a specific type of psychotherapy that enables a person to identify and then modify thought patterns and behaviors that provoke the anxiety.

Medication: Many antidepressants and anti anxiolytics can work for the maintenance of anxiety disorders. They haveLexapro and Prozac.  Anxiolytics are the main relevant drugs that help to lower anxiety. Its Examples are Xanax and Klonopin. They’re prescribed for all types of anxiety disorders.

How to Manage?

Following tips may help you to overcome your symptoms of anxiety:

  1. Avoid those foods which are mood alerting like coffee, chocolate etc.
  2. Intake hygienic diet.
  3. Take lite exercises like jogging and biking. That will helps to create that hormones which make your mood better.
  4. Take proper sleep for a better mood.
  5. Must consult your psychiatrist before taking any medicine.

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