Eye Pain: Causes, Types, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Eye pain is usually born by everyone. Sometimes pain occurs s from a problem in your eye or the relevant parts of it. Eye pain pressure may also be observed by the individuals. The eye pain medical term is known as “Oculus sinister”. It is for the left eye. Here is the description of Eye parts.
Cornea: The clear portion in the front of the eye that receives light.
Sclera: The white portion of the eyes.
Conjunctiva: The ultra-thin covering of sclera. It is inside the eyelid.
Iris: it is the colored part of the eye. It has the pupil in the middle.
Orbit: It is the eye socket in your skull where the eye and its muscles are present.
Extraocular muscles: They help to rotate eye.
Nerves: They carry the visual message or information from your eyes to your brain.
Eyelids: Outside protective coverings that may protect your eyes.
Eye Pain: Some Common Problems
Conjunctivitis: This is also known as pink eyes. It is the inflammation of the conjunctiva. It can be due to a viral or bacterial infection in this, the Blood vessels in the conjunctiva may swell and This makes the white part red. It also makes the eye itchy.
Corneal abrasions: it is a scratch on the eye. It seems minor but it will give you pain. You can cure it by having the antibiotic drops from your doctor.
Corneal infections: it is also known as keratitis. It is also a type of inflammation but it is in the cornea and due to a viral infection.
Foreign bodies: it is characterized by some outside irritant like a particle of dust and another thing may go into your eye and may irritate you. Try to wash your eye and rinse it out this particle.
Glaucoma: This is characterized by the condition that causes fluid to build up in the eye. That will exerts pressure on your optic nerve. If it is remained untreated, it may lead to loss of insight.
Iritis or uveitis: this is the type of inflammation inside the eye due to a trauma, infections, or problems related to the immune system.
Optic neuritis: this type of inflammation is related to the nerves that travel from the back of the eyeball to the brain. Multiple sclerosis and other conditions may also be under its umbrella.
Sinusitis: it is an infection in one or both of the eye. It is also called eye pain sinuses. When eye pain pressure initiate behind your eyes can lead to cause pain.
chalazion or a Style: it is characterized by a tender bump on the edge of the eyelid. It happens due to an oil gland, eyelash, or hair follicle infection.
Eye Pain Symptoms
Eye pain symptoms may vary from individual to individual and also its intensity may also vary. As like the following are:
- Less vision
- Foreign body sensation
- A headache
- Light sensitivity
- Red eye or pinkeye
- Sore eyes
Eye Pain: Tests to Diagnose
There are many things that can be used to measure the eye related issues as like ICD-10 has also granted the code to the diagnosis of eyes issues. Various tests have been conducted to diagnose an eye problem or eye pain:
A slit-lamp exam it is to view the all structure of eye by a bright look.
Dilating drops it will expand your pupil to allow the doctor to examine it more clearly.
A tonometer it is used to diagnose glaucoma.
Eye Pain Treatments
Following are the treatments for eye pain.
- Antibacterial Eyedrops can be able to cure bacterial conjunctivitis.
- Antihistamines can be used in any form like; eyedrops, a pill, or a syrup can improve conjunctivitis from allergies, eye pain with a headache.
- Antibiotic ointment or drops may also help to cure Corneal abrasions.
- Surgery may be done in the cure of Glaucoma. If other treatments fail to cure.
- antiviral or antibacterial eyedrops may help to cure Infected cornea.
- steroid, antibiotic, or antiviral eyedrops may be used to treat Iritis, eye pain, and redness.
- Corticosteroids have been used to treat Optic neuritis.
- warm compresses may be used to treat Styes.
The only way to sort out the causes of eye pain and to get the right treatment is to see a doctor. Eye pain in one eye and may be in its anatomy having the issue. So, it is better to consult a doctor first to avoid the inconvenience. Your vision is precious. Protect it by taking eye pain seriously.
Eye pain Doctor: Optometrists and Ophthalmologists
The eye pain doctors’ category has two types. They are ophthalmologists and optometrists. They both work collectively to cure the eye issues.
Who are Optometrists?
They have studies medically about the vision services, medical eye care, surgical eye care, diagnosis and treatment of the eyes.
Who is an Optometrist?
They also got the education but they practice for four years in the practical field and after that, they got the degree of a medical professional as “optometrists”. They can provide services like eye examination, nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism. They can also facilitate about eyeglasses and contact lenses. They can also Provide low-vision therapy and medicines too.