Osteoporosis: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Prevalence, and Treatment

osteoporosis

osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Meaning

Osteoporosis is characterized by the thinning of bones that can lead to painful fractures. It may include the risks of aging, lower the body weight, in females low sex hormones or menopause. It affects the person’s functioning related to movement. As it is the silent disease in which the bones become thin and cannot be able to perform properly the daily routine chores.  Juvenile osteoporosis occurs in the age of 8-14. Its development has been observed during the growth time period.

Osteoporosis Symptoms

It is not diagnosed until a bone fracture observed. But its signs and symptoms may be observed by the person who has Osteoporosis.

  • Having unusual pain
  • Height loss
  • Menopause
  • Fractures
  • Difficulty in movement
  • Lubricated areas like joints movement may be more painful

Osteoporosis Treatment

Eventually, it is not thoroughly possible to have the treatment of osteoporosis. It may reverse but it is manageable. Here are the ways to manage it.

Various options and conditions for treating the osteoporosis.

  • Exercise
  • Medications
  • Use of strontium supplement
  • Use of Estrogen Boosting drugs in postmenopause women like; Selective elective estrogen receptor modulators.
  • Use of Forteo for bone strengthening
  • Bone-healthy exercise program
  • Osteoporosis Therapy

Osteoporosis prevalence:

It is four times more common in females as compared to the males. The bone healthy age is less than 30. After that, the bone has started to lose their density.

Osteoporosis Causes

Osteoporosis may weaken the bones and increases the risk of fractures. Osteoporosis means that “porous bones.” The exact causes of this disease may not be to the point yet. But there are many factors that can lead to osteoporosis. Here they are:

  • Menopause
  • Heredity
  • A low-calcium diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoking

Other Cooperative Treatment for Osteoporosis

Other treatment for the osteoporosis may include the weight-bearing exercise. This exercise-based program may include two kinds init. First one is high-impact and the second one is low-impact. High-impact exercises are based upon workouts and these workouts are Brisk walking, Climbing stairs, Dancing, Hiking, Jogging, Jumping rope, Step aerobics, Tennis or other racquet sports, Yard work, like pushing a lawnmower or heavy gardening. All these are included in High-impact weight-bearing exercises. But they vary from person to person. These are not dave if you are having higher chances of bone breaking.

Then the doctor may recommend you the low-impact exercises that are more easy to carry and ay maintain the bones. These include the; Elliptical training machines, Low-impact aerobics, Stair-step machines, Walking.

Strengthening the Muscles

By  Strengthening the Muscles, one can be able to build the bones.  It will aids in Strengthening of bones too. As it can slow down the making you boneless and saves you from the fracture. These include the primary workouts like basic moves which include standing and rising on your toes, lifting your body weight with push-ups or squats and using equipment like Elastic exercise bands, Free weights, and weight machines. Try to do these exercises for 2-3 days in a week.

Other Nonimpact Exercises

These exercises are for to improve coordination, flexibility and muscle strength. These exercises may lower the chance of falling down and saves you from breaking of the bone. These exercises can be performed on daily basis. Some Balancing exercises like Tai Chi can strengthen the leg muscles and aids in your steadier standing. In fact, Posture exercises may help you to work for  “sloping” shoulders that can happen with osteoporosis. It may also lower the chances of spine fractures.

Routines like yoga and Pilates may improve your strength, flexibility, and balance in people with osteoporosis. Some of the important moves that are included in this program are

Forward-bending exercises; these exercises may have the risk of being fractured. Before starting this exercise consult your doctor or physical therapist for further guidelines.

Exercise may help a lot to anyone who is suffering from osteoporosis. But this is just a part of the management plan of the osteoporosis. To have the desired results also make sure to take plenty of calcium and vitamin Din the diet you consume. Always be a healthy weighted person. Avoid drug abuse like smoking, drinking etc. Furthermore, also use some prescribed medication for osteoporosis that will help you to build or maintain your bone density.  Also, consult with your doctor to get to know about your current state of health and follow the regular checkup for better results. And also consult your physician to find out more healthy and suitable ways to cure your osteoporosis.

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