The Ratio Of Diabetes In Women & Men
Diabetes is a metabolic disease, the patient of diabetes feel high blood sugar which is caused by problem processing or due to producing insulin. It can affect everyone, no matter in which age do you belong. In the view of Annals of Internal Medicine, the death rate among the men fell but there is no change in the death rate among the women. This death rate difference can be varying in women and men due to some reasons.
- Women generally receive less aggressive treatment for cardiovascular risk factors & the conditions which are relevant to diabetes.
- The symptoms of diabetes can be difficult to diagnose in the women.
- Women generally found in different heart disease which is less in men.
- Inflammation & hormones react in a different way in women.
Such differences and searches show why diabetes affects the women & men differently. The death rate among the women is high than men, but the type 2 diabetes shows high rate in men. In 2012 the most current reported stats found that 13.4 million women & 15.5 million men have been diagnosed with diabetes in the just United States alone.
Another study of World Health Organization shows that from 2014, it is estimated that 422 million adults are living with diabetes. It is 108 million above then the case was reported in 1980.
Some Symptoms Of Diabetes In Women
There are some symptoms which are common among the men and women and some are different than men. If you try to understand it, this will be helpful in discovering diabetes and you will find the treatment of it at the early stage.
I. Vaginal & Oral Yeast Infections:
The overgrowth of yeast can happen due to candida fungus. Candida fungus can be the vaginal yeast infections, oral yeast infections, & vaginal thrust. This type of infection is common among the women.
The women who are suffering in this type of infection in the vaginal area may feel soreness, itching, discharge from vagina and feelings of pain while having sex. The high level of glucose in the blood can enhance the growth of the fungus.
II. Urinary Infections:
The women diabetes has the high level of urine infection according to the urinary tract infection (UTI). This happens due to the entrance of the bacteria. This will cause the painful urination, red color urine, and feeling of burning while doing urine. If you don’t take the proper treatment on time, this will lead you towards the kidney infection. UTIs become common because the low circulation of white blood cells through the bloodstreams for killing the infection.
III. Female Sexual Dysfunction:
Diabetic neuropathy starts to happen due to high blood glucose damages nerve fibers. This can enhance the prickling and loss of feeling in the other parts of the body like legs, feet & in hands. This type can also affect the virginal area and minimize the sex derivation.
IV. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:
This type of disorder happens when the adrenal gland produces a high amount of male hormones. Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) include weight gains, acne, irregular periods, and depression.
Some Symptoms Which are experienced by both women and men:
There are some symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes among the men & women.
- You will feel increase in thirst and hunger
- You will feel frequent urination
- There will be no reasons of gaining and losing weight.
- You will feel fatigue
- Vision will be blurred
- Healing of wounds will be slow
- Feelings of nausea
- There will be skin infections
- There will be patches of darker skin in areas of the body which have creases
- while having breath you will feel sweet, fruity, or acetone odor
- Your hands & feet will feel less.
Keep in mind that the people who have type 2 diabetes have no noticeable symptoms which can be observed.
Pregnancy & Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Some people think that it is safe to have pregnancy during diabetes. then you must be contented that this is safe to have a pregnancy while having diabetes type 1 & 2. But it is important to take the precautions and avoid the complications. If you are pregnant or expecting then you must consult your doctor for taking the best ways to keep your baby healthy. it is important to manage the blood glucose level during the pregnancy. ketones & blood glucose goes to the baby through the placenta. If your glucose goes much high, then this is harmful to the baby. Transformation of high blood sugar to the unborn babies can put the babies into cognitive impairments, high blood sugar, and developmental delays.
Pregnancy & Gestational Diabetes:
This type of diabetes is different from the type 1 and type 2 diabetes because it’s generally associated with pregnant women. Gestational diabetes happens in 9.2 percent of pregnancies. The hormones of pregnancy interpret in the working of the insulin. Due to this body starts to make more insulin. But in some cases, insulin slows down and gestational diabetes develops. In many cases, Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. However, in some cases, gestational diabetes goes away after pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes enhances the risk for type 2 diabetes. Your doctor will recommend diabetes and pre-diabetes tests every few years.
The Risk For Diabetes In Women:
In the Office on Women’s Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, if you are among the following, then the risks of type 2 diabetes increases.
- If you are older than 45
- If you are overweight or obese
- If you have a family history of diabetes (parent or sibling)
- If you are African-American, Native American, Native Alaskan, Hispanic, Asian-American, or Native Hawaiian
- If you have had a baby with a birth weight of more than 9 pounds
- If you have had gestational diabetes
- If you have high blood pressure
- If you have high cholesterol
- If you take exercise less than three times a week
- If you have other health conditions that are linked to problems using insulin, such as PCOS
- If you have a history of heart disease or stroke
Treatment of Diabetes:
At all stages of life, women’s bodies present obstacles for managing diabetes and blood sugar. Challenges may occur because:
1. The fluctuating hormones associated with the menstrual cycle, childbearing, and menopause make it more difficult to maintain proper blood glucose levels. To keep your blood glucose at a healthy level, check your blood sugar several times a day the week before, during, and after your period. Do this for a few months, and then adjust your insulin dose as needed.
2. Some birth control pills can increase blood glucose. To maintain a healthy level of blood glucose, ask your doctor about switching to a low-dose birth control pill.
3· Glucose in your body can cause yeast infections. This is because glucose speeds the growth of fungus. There are over-the-counter and prescription medications to treat yeast infections. You can potentially avoid yeast infections altogether by maintaining better control of your blood sugar. Take insulin as prescribed, exercise regularly, reduce your carb intake, choose low-glycemic foods, and monitor your blood sugar.
There are steps you can take to prevent or delay diabetes, avoid its complications, and manage symptoms.
Medications & Treatments:
Here are some medication and treatments of diabetes.
- Insulin therapy
- Metformin (Glucophage), which reduces blood sugar
- Sulfonylureas like chlorpropamide, which increase pancreatic insulin secretion
- Meglitinides, they stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin
Changes in Lifestyle can Manage the Symptoms:
Sometimes lifestyle can manage or treat the symptoms of diabetes.:
- By exercising and maintaining a healthy weight
- By avoiding smoking cigarettes
- By eating a diet focused on fruits, whole grains & vegetables.
- By monitoring your blood sugar
By making or adopting such changes in the lifestyle, you can decrease the risks of diabetes.
A recent study finds that women diabetes are 40 percent more chances to die because of the disease. Although diabetes has no cure, yet you will receive the medications and manage the symptoms. You must consult with your doctor before starting any new treatment.